There’s More to Cremona Than Violins
Cremona is a small, pretty, well-kept, bourgeois, mercantile city in the fertile Po Valley of Italy. There is no local wine region. There is no city university. There are no grandiose must-see sights. The chef Mario Batali once wrote that Cremona is “famous for its quiet, pious belief in commerce and order.”
It’s also famous for something a bit more appealing: music. As I’ve traveled around Italy over the last 25 years speaking grammatically challenged Italian, I’m often asked where I learned the language. When I answer Cremona, where I was a 19-year-old exchange student, the confused, incredulous response is generally: “Cremona? Why Cremona? Of all the cities in Italy?” Before I can answer, the next question is almost always “Do you play the violin?”
I do not, in fact, play the violin. But the history of this sleepy city of 70,000 on the Po River, just over an hour south of Milan by train, is inexorably intertwined with violins and other stringed instruments. At a dinner during my first weekend in town, half a lifetime ago, I sat next to a man named Fulvio, who told me he made violins for a living. He’d gone to school at age 13 to learn violin-making and then had apprenticed for years, and now he had his own violin workshop, where he made stringed instruments by hand for musicians and collectors around the world. “This city is the birthplace of Stradivarius,” he said, and explained that there were dozens of luthiers — makers of stringed instruments — just like him working in the city center.
The Academia Cremonensis teaches the Cremonese method of making stringed instruments to students from around the world. Credit Andrea Wyner for The New York Times
Fulvio invited me into his workshop, where over several weeks and months he shaped, carved, chiseled, sanded and varnished very special pieces of wood into instruments that he sold for tens of thousands of dollars. No other place in the world made violins like Cremona, Fulvio said. The Cremonese method — one that dates back to Andrea Amati, “father of the violin” in the 16th century; to the Guarneri family in the 17th and 18th centuries; and of course to Stradivarius — takes longer and is more difficult than other methods, and creates one-of-a-kind instruments.
More than 140 liutaio currently ply their trade in the city. Wandering the narrow streets around the Piazza del Comune, you can watch dozens of violinmakers at their workbenches through their storefront windows. If they’re not busy or if they’re in the right mood, some of them may wave you inside to have a look.
“This is an antique job. Nothing has changed for centuries,” the violinmaker Philippe Devanneaux, who came to Cremona from Paris 34 years ago, told me during a recent visit. “Of course, you can make a violin with a machine or a computer, but you can’t put your heart inside of it.”
That makes Cremona a must-visit for music lovers. But it’s also a perfect overnight side trip from Milan, especially appealing during the Milan Expo, which runs through October. This fall, in fact, Cremona will be about as buzzing as it will ever get: The 14th Triennale violin-making competition, essentially the Olympics of stringed instruments, takes place Sept. 4 to Oct. 11, overlapping the city’s annual Stradivari Festival.
But even those without a passion for stringed instruments can look forward to some of the best food in northern Italy, impressive architecture and a city that’s almost completely off the tourism radar.
In her 1954 book “The Surprise of Cremona,” Edith Templeton calls the city a “strange provincial town” (and, oddly, does not mention a word about violins). She recounts a meeting with the editor of the local newspaper who tells her, “There is nothing interesting in Cremona … nothing, nothing, nothing.” Ms. Templeton actually ends up enjoying Cremona, eats wells and enjoys the architecture. “It is a wonderful relief to come to a town where there is no first-class hotel,” she writes. While there are certainly a couple of nice hotels to stay in these days, I couldn’t agree more with the sentiment: Cremona’s virtue lies in how far off the tourist path it remains.
Decades after Ms. Templeton’s visit, I’ve found a similar self-deprecating attitude among the Cremonese. Since they don’t like to boast, allow me to: Cremona has one of the most beautiful piazzas in northern Italy. Twelve streets converge on the haunting Piazza del Comune, marked by its majestic 14th-century, 367-foot-tall bell tower, called simply the Torrazzo (for which Cremona’s famed torrone nougat is named).
The Gothic palazzi and the Romanesque cathedral cut dramatic shadows against the arcades and the octagonal 12th-century baptistery, an architectural gem. The 268-year-old Teatro Ponchielli (where Mozart once performed) has one of the largest stages in Italy and is still a magnet for international performances. The sprawling markets in the Piazza Stradivari and Piazza Pace are as lively as any in Lombardy.
And then there’s the food. Mr. Batali also wrote that a visit to Cremona is “absolutely essential to the gastrovoyager.” Cremona’s location at the border of Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna brings influences from both: charcuterie like cotecchino and salame; grana padana cheese; stuffed pastas specialties like marubini and tortelli di zucca; and the famed Mostarda di Cremona, a sweet and gently spiced fruit preserve, served with the classic stew called bollito misto.
But perhaps the crowning food achievement of Cremona is its perfection of the tramezzini sandwich, spongy, perfectly triangled white bread stuffed with myriad varieties of ham, tuna, eggs and artichokes and slathered with mayonnaise. They are always served with the question, “Mangia subito?” — to which the answer can only be, “Yes, I am eating this immediately.”
Ugo Grill, which closely guards the recipe for its mayonnaise, has served the tramezzini gold standard for decades. But there are new challengers, like Tramezzo 1925, where I ate a sandwich with fresh-sliced, homemade prosciutto cotto and artichokes that was transcendent.
But it would be folly to visit Cremona and not revel in its music heritage. In 2012, Unesco decreed that traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona deserved protection on its list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The following year, the gorgeous, high-tech Museo del Violino opened in the city center, financed by more than 10 million euros from the local steel magnate Giovanni Arvedi.
I took the museum’s audio tour (available in several languages), which offers fascinating details about the origins of the violin, the Cremona school of violin-making, and the many esoteric steps in the process of creating Cremonese-style violins, violas and cellos.
But then I arrived in a darkened space entitled “The Treasure Box,” where spotlights illuminated the dozen or so most important stringed instruments in Europe, including Antonio Stradivari’s 1715 “Il Cremonese” violin and others by Guarneri and Amati. At that point, my audio guide became strangely at a loss for words. “You are standing before the masterpieces of classic violin-making,” the narrator said. “We shall add nothing else, but leave you to the contemplation of this musical treasure chest.” In fact, visitors can go further, as the instruments are regularly played during small recitals that are open to the public, generally held at noon several days each week.
In an adjoining room hung my favorite exhibition, a collection of contemporary instruments that have won various Triennale awards over the years. Type in a corresponding number on the audio guide and you can listen to each instrument being played. I particularly enjoyed listening to a viola numbered 813, made by Dante Fulvio Lazzari — the same Fulvio who sat next to me at dinner so many years before.
After leaving the Museo del Violino, I walked a few blocks to visit the Academia Cremonensis, set in a beautiful, grand palazzo, which teaches the Cremonese method of making stringed instruments, as well as bow-making, to students from around the world. “The secret of the Cremona violin is the weight,” said Giovanni Colonna, violinmaker and lutherie director at the Academia Cremonensis. “It’s light, but not too light.”
Yael Rosenblum. Credit Andrea Wyner for The New York Times
He continued: “In our method, we start from the inside and the whole instrument grows together. There is no pattern, so you do it all with your eyes.”
After a few tramezzini pit stops, I found myself inside a more intimate workshop, tucked around the corner from the Torrazzo. When Yael Rosenblum greeted me, she offered to wash her hands, which were covered with black shavings. “This is ebony. You don’t want this on your hands,” she said.
Sixteen years ago, Ms. Rosenblum gave up a career as a professional violinist in Israel and moved to Cremona to study violin-making. Professionals around the world play her violins, violas and cellos; one of her first instruments is played regularly at La Scala.
“To be a violinmaker, living in Cremona is excellent,” she said. “You can find all the raw materials, the setup, the tools.”
I told Ms. Rosenblum about my long relationship with Cremona, and I asked her the question many people have asked me: Why Cremona? Besides the violins, how did she find living in Cremona?
“Well,” she said, channeling the city’s habit of self-deprecation. “Put it this way. Not everyone can live in New York. Some people have to live in New Jersey.”
I shot her a disappointed look and she laughed. “No, no,” she said. “It’s really inspiring to live here.”
IF YOU GO
What to Do
Museo del Violino, Piazza Marconi; 39-0372-080-809; museodelviolino.org/en. Ask about recital dates and concerts in the auditorium. Entrance, 10 euros, or about $11 at $1.11 to the euro.
A violin by the 16th-century master Andrea Amati. Credit Andrea Wyner for The New York Times
Museo Civico “Ala Ponzone,” Via Ugolani Dati 4; 39-0372-407-269; musei.comune.cremona.it. The city museum boasts a priceless collection of stringed instruments. Entrance, 7 euros.
Academia Cremonensis, Via Platina 66; 39-0372-808-970; academiacremonensis.it/en. This professional violin and bow-making school is open to small groups by appointment.
Casa Stradivari, Corso Garibaldi 57; 39-0347-597-6856; stradivariazioni.com. The former home of young Stradivarius is run by an association of violin-makers who often put on exhibitions.
A limited number of luthiers offer formal demonstrations. Among them are Philippe Devanneaux (Via Sicardo 12; email@example.com; by appointment only, 25 euros per person) and Yael Rosenblum (Vicolo Pertusio 8A; firstname.lastname@example.org; by appointment only, 50 euros per person).
Where to Eat
Osteria La Sosta, Via Sicardo 9; 39-0372-456656; osterialasosta.it. The place to try local specialties like marubini, tortelli di zucca and gnocchi vecchia Cremona.
Le Scuderia, Via Plasio 21; 39-0372-21408; lescuderiecremona.com. Cool, modern vibe in a building with arches and columns that once served as a stable for carriage horses. Great value for lunch.
Osteria del Melograno, Via Beltrami 5; 39-0372-31863 osteriadelmelograno.it. Great spot in the historic center for risotto, as well as tortelli stuffed with the local torrone nougat (above).
Chiave di Bacco, Piazza Guglielmo Marconi, 5; 39-0372-808850. Inside the Museo del Violino, this is a great spot for aperitivi or lunch. Also visit its sister pizzeria Note di Gusto (Via Bell’ Aspa 4/A; 39-0372-808-911), across the square, for excellent artisan pizza.
Ugo Grill, Via Gramsci Antonio 13; 39-0372-20354, serves tramezzini (above).
A version of this article appears in print on September 6, 2015, on page TR4 of the New York edition